What Is a Proxy or Proxy Server?

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A proxy server is a bridge between the internet and the users. It is a server liaising and creating a separation between the users and the corresponding websites that they browse. Considering the demands, use cases or company policies, proxy servers provide a range of capabilities, privacy and protection while the users stay connected to the internet.

The internet traffic passes through a proxy server while it is on the way to the specified website address. Later the response comes through the proxy server while it passes on the data to the user from the website.

Proxy servers with recent trends work beyond than just passing on the web requests calling it network performance or data protection. It functions as a web filter cache data, offer network connections that can be shared to enhance the user requests. An efficient Proxy Server is good to provide privacy and protect the network and users from malicious interference

Why Use a Proxy?

Proxies help you browse the web by hiding your IP address for no one to see. When the internet is connected to the proxy server, the home IP address will not be displayed, however the IP address of the proxy server will be shown. This helps to provide more privacy while you are browsing the internet.

There are different types of proxies available to provide you with service some are available for free and some are paid version, however, in comparison the paid services are more secure and trustworthy.

How Does a Proxy Server Operate?

Each computer has a different IP (Internet Protocol) Address when it is connected to the Internet.

When the user sends a web request, the request reaches the proxy server first, while the proxy server makes your web request on your behalf, gathers the required information from the web server and passes on the web page information to help the user see the page in the web browser.

Once the web user, sends a request, proxy server liaises the web requests and it has the capability to alter the IP address, so the web server will not be able to identify from where the request has come. The proxy server can encrypt the user’s data when in transit and can terminate access to specific web pages based on IP addresses.

Types of Proxy Servers

There are different types of proxies and each function unlike the other. It is vital to know about the functionality of the proxy server and check if the capabilities of the proxy server meet the user demands

Transparent Proxy

This type of proxy server will transmit the information to the web server with actual IP address. This type of proxy server is used by schools, public libraries and businesses to ensure content filtering to create server and client ends.

Anonymous Proxy

An anonymous proxy server will showcase itself as a proxy to destined server, and it does not display the actual IP address of the user to the website – this prevents identity theft and ensures user-privacy while browsing. Anonymous proxy can deny any websites to target the users with their marketing-based content.

Distorting proxy

This is more like anonymous proxy however produces a false IP address showing that the user is from a different location to ensure content restrictions.

High Anonymity proxy

High Anonymity proxy servers change the IP address that they showcase it to the web server in regular intervals, making it challenging for the websites to track the flow of traffic

How to Setup a Proxy

Internet Explorer Proxy Settings

  • Click Tools
  • Choose Internet Options
  • Choose the Connections Tab
  • Go to LAN settings and click on it
  • Select “Use a proxy server for your LAN” option
  • Enter the Port Number and the IP Address of the Server
  • Click OK

Google Chrome Proxy Settings

    • Select the button on the topmost right corner with the wrench picture on it. (It’s the control and customize button.
    • Click on Change Proxy Settings
    • Click LAN Settings
    • Select “Use a proxy server for your LAN” option
    • Enter the Port Number and the IP Address of the Server
    • Click OK

    Why Should You Use a Proxy Server?

    Proxy servers are used for a variety of reasons as per the requirements of the organizations and individuals

    Take control of the internet usage – Proxy servers are used by parents to monitor their kids’ internet activities and used by the organizations to take control of the employees’ activities when connected to the internet.

    Bandwidth savings and enhanced speeds – A good proxy server can benefit the organization with enhanced network performance. Proxy servers save a copy of popular websites and shares the saved copy of the website when the user request to visit the same. This helps to enhance the network performance of the company by saving a lot of bandwidth.

    Privacy benefits –  Both organizations and individuals mostly browse the internet in a private mode. Proxy servers are equipped to change the actual IP addresses that any web request possess. The recipient server therefore would not know from where the original request has come.

    Enhanced security – Proxy servers help to encrypt the requests transmitted between the web and the server to deny malicious interference. Organizations can collaborate a Virtual Private Network with the proxy server to provision remote users with secure and private access through the company proxy.

    Gain access to blocked resources –  Proxy servers allow users to access any uncensored internet.

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    Related Sources:

    https://cdome.comodo.com/blog/what-is-dns-filtering/
    https://cdome.comodo.com/virtual-proxy-browser.php
    https://cdome.comodo.com/network-security.php
    https://cdome.comodo.com/dns-internet-security.php
    https://cdome.comodo.com/secure-internet-gateway.php

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